If you ever find your self in need of changing or setting different parameters on a network interface then you need to install Ethtool. Basically you can set the duplex on a network interface and link speed among many other things. Do not dismiss Ethtool, I have found it to be useful for configuring Linux devices that need to be linked to legacy networking devices or some network related funkiness that results in auto-negotiation not working. In order to use Ethtool you need to have root. Ethtool man page
Ethtool can output detailed information about the NIC. Here you can see all the supported link modes and current settings.
Settings for eth0:
Supported ports: [ TP MII ]
Supported link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
Advertised link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes
Supports Wake-on: g
Current message level: 0x00000007 (7)
Link detected: yes
To display the available options use.
Ethtool is by no means limited, but this are some of the common options I use.
- full speed 10 | 100 | 1000
- duplex half | full
- autoneg on | off
Some networking devices have a difficult time auto-negotiating with other network devices, mostly legacy devices that only support half duplex like hubs. On this example eth0 is configured to work at half duplex and turn auto-negotiation off.
ethtool -s eth0 duplex half autoneg off
In this example the interface is force to work at full duplex, turn auto-negotiation off and set the speed to 1000 Mb/s.
ethtool -s eth0 duplex full speed 1000 autoneg off
Ethtool is by no means difficult to use, it’s mostly about matching the desired settings. I recommend you click the link located at the top of the article to to learn more about Ethtool.