Mount A USB Drive In Ubuntu Server

Before we can mount a USB drive we need to gather some information about it. With the help of fdisk we can see that my 4GB USB drive was recognized as /deb/sdc1 and is formatted with FAT32.

sudo fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sdc: 4049 MB, 4049600512 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 492 cylinders, total 7909376 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x04c91666

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1   *        2048     7909375     3953664    b  W95 FAT32

Now create a mount point where the USB drive will be mounted. Only one drive per mount point.

sudo mkdir /media/usb

There is a good change your USB drive will be formatted with FAT16/32 therefore using the parameter -t vfat will suffice, otherwise you can use -t ntfs or -t ext3 depending on the file system.

sudo mount -t vfat /dev/sdb1 /media/usb

Make sure drive was mounted with the help of df -h. The 4GB USB drive is mounted and accessible from the /media/usb mount point.

user@debian:~$ df -h
Filesystem                                              Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
rootfs                                                   49G   18G   29G  38% /
udev                                                     10M     0   10M   0% /dev
tmpfs                                                   100M  432K  100M   1% /run
/dev/disk/by-uuid/af874479-b4ee-4d83-a3da-d2fdb48511ea   49G   18G   29G  38% /
tmpfs                                                   5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs                                                   404M     0  404M   0% /run/shm
/dev/sdb1                                               3.8G  6.6M  3.8G   1% /media/usb

To un-mount the drive you can simply use the umount command folowed the mount point.

sudo umount /media/usb