Category: Article

Back Up And Install The Cisco IOS Image

In order to back up the IOS you need a TFTP server, SolarWinds offers a Free TFTP Server.

If you have no idea what version of the IOS you are using use the show flash command.

Router#show flash
System flash directory:
File Length Name/status
1 3289170 d1206.bin
[3289236 bytes used, 905068 available, 4194304 total]
4096K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)


From the console in privileged EXEC mode enter the copy flash tftp command. When requested enter the IP address of the TFTP server.

Router#copy flash tftp
Source filename []? d1205.bin
Address or name of remote host []?
Destination filename [d1205.bin]? y
3289170 bytes copied in 47.668 secs (69982 bytes/sec)


To copy the IOS from a TFTP server use the copy tftp command. When requested enter the IP address of the TFTP server containing the IOS.

Router#copy tftp flash
Address or name of remote host []?
Source filename []? d1206.bin
Destination filename [d1206.bin]?
Accessing tftp://
Erase flash: before copying? [confirm]
Erasing the flash filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm]
Erasing device... eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ...erased
Erase of flash: complete
Loading d1206.bin from (via Ethernet0): !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK - 3289170/6578176 bytes]
Verifying checksum... OK (0xB6BD)
3289170 bytes copied in 89.272 secs (36956 bytes/sec)

Password Recovery For The Cisco IOS

Connect a PC with a terminal emulation software to the console port on the Cisco router. Cisco 2620 router, IOS 12.2.

Settings for the terminal

9600 baud rate
No parity
8 data bits
1 stop bit
No flow control

Turn off the router, then back on.

After the router is on press the BREAK key(Alt + b on Tera Term) within 60 seconds of start to have the router in ROMMON.

The prompt will show.

rommon 1>

Then type confreg 0x2142 to boot from flash (this will bypass startup configuration).

rommon 1>confreg 0×2142

Type reset at the prompt (ignores saved configuration, then reboots).

rommon 2>reset

Press Ctrl-c to skip the initial procedure.

Type enable at the prompt.


Then the prompt changes to Router#.

Now type.

Router#configure memory


Router#copy startup-config running-config

commands will copy NVRAM in to memory.

To show the current configuration on the router use.

Router#show running-config

The output will be :
enable passwords
enable secret
console password

which will be in encrypted or unencrypted format, encrypted passwords should be change to a new one.

To change encrypted or enable secret password do the following.

Router#configure terminal
Router(config)#enable secret 

Issue the no shutdown command on every interface.

Router(config)#interface serial 0/1
Router(config-t)#no shutdown

Type config-register use the value 0×2102.

Router(config)#config-register 0×2102

Press Ctrl-z to leave configuration mode.


Type write memory or copy running-config startup-config to commit all of the new changes and configurations.

Install The Windows Recovery Console

More than once I had to do some repairs on my Windows box and the only tool that I used was the Recovery Console. I suggest you Google Recovery Console to learn all the commands, I will only show you how to install the recovery console so that the next time the system starts the recovery console will appear as an option in the boot menu.

Install the recovery console

  • Log into Windows as the local administrator
  • Insert the setup CD
  • Click Start > Run
  • Type the following in D: D:i386winnt32.exe /cmdcons
  • Follow the instructions on the screen

I hope this helps so that the next time you don’t have to look around for the CD to do the necessary repairs.